Four gang members have been found guilty of trafficking women from Eastern Europe after police tracked their criminal activities in a five-year operation.
The victims were transported to flats in the Govanhill area of Glasgow between 2011 and 2017 and were forced into prostitution and sham marriages.
Vojtech Gombar, 61, Anil Wagle, 37, Jana Sandorova, 28, and Ratislav Adam, 31, were found guilty at the High Court in Glasgow. They will be sentenced in November.
The police operation dubbed Operation Synapsis was the culmination of a complex investigation involving law enforcement from around the UK, Europol and Eurojust.
Police first became aware of the trafficking and exploitation in 2014 but it took a three-year operation before about 70 officers raided four flats in the Govanhill area of Glasgow, leading to the arrest of Gombar, Wagle, Sandorova and Adam.
The gang were ethnic Romani and came from the town of Trebisov in the east of Slovakia, near its border with Ukraine, from where most of the women were trafficked.
Wagle is Nepalese and became involved initially because he wanted to buy a bride.
Over the course of the investigation, police had helped more than a dozen suspected victims, aged between 18 and 25, to safety.
The women were trafficked to the UK, usually by bus and car, having been promised a better life and work.
But when they arrived they were sold for between between £3,000 and £10,000 as part of a sham marriage scheme.
The buyers were mainly men from Pakistan who wanted EU citizenship so they could live and work in Europe, and wanted the women to become their wives.
Some of the victims were used as prostitutes while others were abused by the men who bought them.
Police found that the women were held in “safe houses” in places including Manchester and Yorkshire before being taken to Govanhill.